High Alumina Cement

High Alumina Cement is an inorganic material that form a dense texture when it reacts with water and has a excellent refractory, quick hardening property and resistance to chemical attacks. This type of cement is produced by grinding clinkers formed by calcining bauxite and lime. The bauxite is an aluminium ore. It is specified that total alumina content should not be less than 32 percent and the ratio by weight of alumina to the lime should be between 0.85 and 1.30. This cement is known by the trade names of Cement Fondu in England and Lumnite in America.

Characteristics of High Alumina Cement

The characteristics of this cement can be surfacely summarized in following points:

  • High alumina cement has low pH
  • It has high refractoriness
  • It has high durability in sulfuric acid
  • It hardens rapidly
  • It is less reactant than alumina or hydraulic lime
  • It acts as a bonding material when added in refractory castables because it forms ceramic bond at high temperatures
  • It has high resistance to chemical corrosion. So, it is widely used also in construction of water pipes, sewage pipes, factory drains, coastal constructions and in factory chimneys.

Advantages of High Alumina Cement

Following are the advantages of High Alumina Cement:

  1. The initial setting time of this cement is more than 3.5 hours. The final setting setting time is about 5 hours. It therefore allows more time for mixing and placing operations.
  2. It can stand high temperature.
  3. It evolves great heat during setting. It is therefore not affected by frost.
  4. It resists the action of acids in a better way.
  5. It sets quickly and attains higher ultimate strength in a short period. Its strength after 1 day is about 40 N/mm2 and that after 3 days  is about 50 N/mm2.
  6. Its setting action mainly depends on the chemical reactions and hence it is not necessary to grind it to fine powder.

Disadvantages of High Alumina Cement

Following are the disadvantages of High Alumina cement:

  1. The extreme care is to be taken to see that it doesn’t come in contact with even traces of lime or ordinary cement.
  2. It cannot be used in mass construction as it evolves great heat as it sets soon.
  3. It is costly